top of page


Educational Website Links:

















'Leveled Reading'

Independent Reading Level:   The level at which a reader can read something and understand it without support (usually one or two levels below the instructional level). If you are unsure, it is a level at which a student can read with very few errors and still understand what he/she is reading. 


Instructional Reading Level:   The level at which a reader can function with support from an instructor. These books offer a “moderate amount of challenge” to the student.  Usually, the instructor will guide the reader through the book or passage by asking meaningful questions or prompting the reader to look for certain qualities in the text. 


Fluency is the ability to read a text accurately, at a reasonable pace, and with expression. Fluency is important because it provides a bridge between word recognition and comprehension. When fluent readers read silently, they recognize words automatically.  Their reading sounds natural, as if they are speaking.  If you are doing fluency practice (see below) with a student, it is probably a good idea to use his/her independent level or BELOW.  


Fluency building activities:

  • Model  fluent reading- You read to the student as they follow along.

  • Repeated reading- You ask a student to read the same text repeatedly.  Usually four times is sufficient.

  • Partner Reading- Tutor reads a passage first, the student reads the same passage afterwards.

  • Readers’ Theater – Using a play or poem, students practice reading to present to an audience.

  • Whisper Reading- Teacher sits a bit behind student and whispers the text into the student’s ear as he/she reads the same text.

  • Echo Reading – Instructor reads a passage and the student reads the same passage just a bit after the instructor (like an echo).



Approximated Reading Levels (based on Fontus & Pannell ranking system):


                         Kindergarten                                   A-C

                         Grade One                                       B-I

                         Grade Two                                       H-M

                         Grade 3                                           L- P

                         Grade 4                                           O-T

                         Grade 5                                           S-W

                         Grade 6                                           V-Y

                         Grades 7 and above                          Z

***Grade level does not necessarily = the levels above.  Pay attention to the teacher recommendation. Students sometimes know their independent levels.  Instructional levels are usually higher.

Our awesome "Associates"

Fairport Central School District

Find calendars, resources, teacher pages, and more links on the Fairport Central School District website:


Just press this link for everything about schools in Fairport.


Fairport Foundation

Learning Links is affiliated with our 501(c)(3) partner, Fairport Foundation, a nonprofit supporting the mission of the 'Fairport Partnership For a Better Community' by gathering resources for community projects and programs.


Our Business associates

We couldn't do what we do without community financial contributions and employee matching from companies like Exxon/Mobil, Harris Beach, Bosch Security Systems, AirQuip Heating & Air. Our friends Fairport Rotary and Lion's Clubs are

also wonderful supporters.


Area churches

We appreciate our church friends! Like those at Fairport United Methodist, Bethlehem Lutheran,

Mt. Rise UCC, Church of the Resurrection & Assumption, Perinton Presbyterian, Penfield First Baptist and the Islamic Center of Rochester.

In God we trust, always.

bottom of page